© Svea Pietschmann

Results of the stakeholder dialogue

Controversies around the market ramp-up

2 May 2023

Between the autumn of 2021 and 2022, acatech and DECHEMA held a stakeholder dialogue to gather views on the hydrogen ramp-up in Germany. The aim was also to facilitate exchange between stakeholders and - where possible - to work towards a common vision of a future hydrogen economy. Representatives from business, science, NGOs and public administration took part in the dialogue.

One of the central results of the stakeholder dialogue is that the hydrogen ramp-up in Germany needs a legal framework providing market players with planning and investment security. Experts also agreed on the importance of the acceptability of hydrogen technologies.

However, several fundamental questions about the market ramp-up remained unanswered. We take a closer look at these controversies in our synthesis paper on the stakeholder dialogue. The publication summarises the most important results, including topics such as sustainability criteria for hydrogen imports and, under the assumption that renewable and low-carbon hydrogen will be limited in quantity, a prioritisation scheme could be designed.

There was agreement on the necessity of hydrogen imports as well as on specific ecological and participatory preconditions for hydrogen production in the respective exporting countries or regions. However, there was disagreement on how and under what conditions imports from outside of the European Union should and could be realised.

Stakeholders had very different opinions on whether the distribution of hydrogen should be left to the free market or controlled by the state. The discussions on the duration, instruments, criteria and goals of a possible prioritisation policy were highly controversial.


H2-Compass is a project of acatech and DECHEMA. The project is funded by BMBF and BMWK.