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Weighing market demands and sustainability

Criteria for hydrogen imports

6 April 2022

On 6 April 2022, we held the first workshop in our extensive stakeholder dialogue. 15 hydrogen experts from academia, business and industry, civil society, public administration and the financial sector discussed with us in a focused and congenial atmosphere.

The topic of discussion was criteria for hydrogen imports and the related question of how to deal with possible tensions between expected demand for climate-neutral imports and (sustainability) criteria to be applied.

A discussion paper was made available to the participants in advance of the workshop. We then incorporated insights from the workshop participants into the discussion paper in an iterative process. The results of the final discussion paper will be incorporated into our central product, the H2-Compass. This will form the basis for a hydrogen roadmap for the German government.

The workshop was part of the H2-Compass stakeholder dialogue

We organised a total of four workshops, with the first one on import criteria held in April 2022. The second workshop in June 2022 focused on political levers and measures suitable for supporting business models based on domestic hydrogen production. The third workshop, also held in June 2022, was dedicated to the prioritisation of hydrogen applications. The fourth workshop on perception and expectation management in September 2022 concluded the series.

With our workshop series, we continued the stakeholder dialogue initiated in the fall of 2021 with oursurvey 'Goals and Paths to the Hydrogen Economy 2030/2050'. Around 600 experts from academia, business, civil society and public administration took part in the survey. In October 2022, we organised a major stakeholder conference in order to further reflect on the workshop results.


[Translate to English:] Reinhold Wurster

"The workshop on hydrogen import criteria was very helpful to also reflect the implications of the geopolitical framework that has changed since February 2022. It could be discussed that a supply of green hydrogen for Germany can be resilient, sustainable, secure and highly European. This supply is also feasible and can make good economic sense. Green hydrogen derivatives such as e-kerosene, methanol, and fertiliser could be sourced from more distant non-European countries. Underlying assumptions should increasingly address the aspect of hydrogen sourcing from Europe."

[Translate to English:] Dr. Rainer Quitzow

"Securing a sustainable supply of climate-friendly hydrogen in Europe requires transatlantic cooperation on standards development and the establishment of diversified partnership structures in the European neighbourhood. The development of these structures must be flanked by climate and industrial policy. This will allow the creation of a stable economic area within the framework of a climate-neutral future in and around Europe."

[Translate to English:] Dr. Geert Tjarks

"The H2-Compass stakeholder dialogue offers an ideal format for relevant associations and organisations from academia and industry to support the development of the hydrogen economy in a targeted fashion. Only through the broad involvement of stakeholders can a hydrogen economy be designed in a meaningful and socially beneficial way."


H2-Compass is a project of acatech and DECHEMA. The project is funded by BMBF and BMWK.