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H2-Compass Project

Stakeholder Dialogue

Elaborating a vision of the hydrogen economy

In our H2-Compass project, we aspire to cultivate an intensive dialogue with stakeholders. The aim of the dialogue is to create a common vision of a German hydrogen economy, with the goal of climate neutrality by 2045. To this end, we’ve offered a range of formats, such as a survey, workshops and interactive conferences.

A survey as a starting point

Where will we use hydrogen? How much of it will we need, how will we produce it, and what policies can promote the hydrogen economy in Germany? We have been gathering answers to these questions via a broad dialogue with the hydrogen community, with a large stakeholder survey as a starting point. Around 600 experts from academia, business, civil society and public administration completed the survey, allowing us to gain an initial overview of perceptions and expectations regarding a future hydrogen economy. The online survey was conducted by INFO GmbH in autumn 2021.

The content of the survey

In addition to enquiring broadly about a hydrogen economy in Germany, we also asked for specific opinions on the following topics:

  • Production of hydrogen and derivatives
  • Sector-specific hydrogen use 
  • Hydrogen storage, infrastructure & transport
  • Hydrogen imports

The results of the survey

The results of the survey can be found here.

With the survey results as a basis, we developed discussion papers on four controversial hydrogen topics. These papers served as a basis for several in-depth stakeholder workshops, which took place from spring until late summer 2022. With input from these workshops, the discussion papers were further developed, and their contents were discussed again at our stakeholder conference in autumn 2022. The findings from the stakeholder dialogue will be incorporated into our final H2-Compass tool.

Stakeholder workshops

From April to September 2022, we held stakeholder workshops on the following topics:

Criteria for hydrogen imports

Political levers for successful business models centred on domestic hydrogen production

Possible goals and criteria for the political prioritisation of hydrogen applications

Public perception and political expectation management


About 15 people participated in each workshop. In total, the following institutions were involved:

Public administration:

Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, Behörde für Wirtschaft und Innovation
H2Global Stiftung
Ministerium für Wirtschaft, Arbeit und Energie des Landes Brandenburg (The Ministry for Economic Affairs, Labour and Energy)
Niedersächsische Wasserstoff-Netzwerk
Niedersächsisches Ministerium für Wirtschaft, Arbeit, Verkehr und Digitalisierung (Lower Saxony Ministry of Economic Affairs, Labour, Transport and Digitalisation)
Regionalverband Ruhr K.d.ö.R.
German Environment Agency - German Emissions Trading Authority (DEHSt)
Hydrogen Center Bavaria (H2.B)

Business and industry:

Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie e.V. (BDI – Federation of German Industries)
cruh21 GmbH
Deutsche Energie-Agentur GmbH (dena), German Energy Agency
German Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Deutsche Verein des Gas- und Wasserfaches e.V. (DVGW – German Technical and Scientific Association for Gas and Water
Duisport – Duisburger Hafen AG
Energiequelle GmbH
European Investment Bank
Green Planet Energy eG
Gunvor Raffinerie Ingolstadt GmbH
Hamburg Port Authority AöR
The Competence Centre on Climate Change Mitigation in Energy-Intensive Industries (KEI
Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik GmbH
Mainova AG
navos Public Dialogue Consultants GmbH
Neptun Ship Design GmbH
Nobian GmbH
Robert Bosch GmbH
Sunfire GmbH
Tamsen Maritim GmbH
TenneT TSO GmbH
VDE Verband der Elektrotechnik Elektronik Informationstechnik e.V. (Association for Electrical, Electronic & Information Technologies)
Wirtschaftsvereinigung Stahl (German Steel Federation)

Academia/Think tanks:

Agora Energiewende - Smart Energy for Europe Platform (SEFEP) gGmbH
The Fraunhofer Institute for Energy Economics and Energy System Technology IEE
Institut der deutschen Wirtschaft Köln e.V. (German Economic Institute)
Institute for Climate Protection, Energy and Mobility e.V.
Institute for Ecological Economy Research (IÖW)
Research Institute for Sustainability Potsdam
Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) e. V.
Forschungszentrum Jülich

Civil society:

Bellona Deutschland gGmbH
Bund für Umwelt und Naturschutz Deutschland e.V. (German Federation for the Environment and Nature Conservation)
IG Metall
Klima-Allianz Deutschland e.V. (Climate Alliance Germany)
More in Common Deutschland e.V.
Verbraucherzentrale Bundesverband e.V. (The Federation of German Consumer Organisations)
WWF Germany


Our activities


In a wide-ranging and continuous evaluation of studies and strategy papers, we examine political objectives as well as estimated hydrogen demand and production capacities.

More on the meta-analysis

Sounding Board

The H2-Compass project is accompanied by a sounding board consisting of highly experienced hydrogen researchers and practitioners from academia, business and organised civil society. This ensures a holistic and high-quality perspective.

More on the sounding board

The H2-Compass Team

With our varied professional backgrounds, perspectives and experiences, we are equipped to meet the diverse requirements of the project.

More on the project partners and team


Valerie Kwan

Valerie Tilker-Kwan
Stakeholder Dialogue Officer, acatech



H2-Compass is a project of acatech and DECHEMA. The project is funded by BMBF and BMWK.